In Celiac Disease, the patients’ intestine becomes hypersensitive to gluten and there are antibodies which attack the intestinal tract. Any gluten intake causes inflammation and damage to the intestine and makes ingestion difficult. It is an autoimmune disease. It can start at any age and if left untreated it can lead to complications due to malabsorption of nutrients.

What are the complications of Celiac Disease?

If left untreated, Celiac Disease can lead to following complications due to malabsorption of nutrients:

  • Development of Type I diabetes

  • Dermatitis herpetiformis (an itchy skin rash)

  • Anemia

  • Osteoporosis

  • Infertility and miscarriage

  • Neurological conditions like migraines and epilepsy

  • Short stature

  • Intestinal cancers

What are it's signs and symptoms?

If you experience following signs and symptoms, you might have this disease:

  • Bloating

  • Gas (flatulence, farting)

  • Diarrhea

  • Fatigue

  • Mouth Ulcers

  • Joint Pain

  • Heartburn, due to acid reflux

  • Swollen Ankles (edema)

  • Anemia

  • Vitamin K Deficiency, leading to bleeding

  • Fat Soluble Vitamins (vit ADEK)

  • Excessive Bruising

What causes Celiac Disease?

Celiac disease is predominantly an autoimmune disease which develops from an interaction between genes, eating foods with gluten and various environmental factors. Following environmental factors may also contribute:

  • Infant Feeding Practices

  • Gastrointestinal Infections

  • Gut Bacteria

The disease might be triggered after following events:

  • Surgery

  • Pregnancy

  • Childbirth

  • Viral Infection

  • Severe Emotional Stress

When the patients of celiac disease ingest food that contains gluten, their body initiates an immune reaction against it. The immune reaction damages the hair-like villi in small intestines and cause malabsorption.

How do we diagnose it?

At NYC Gastroenterology, a professional diagnosis is made beginning from complete medical history of the patient and a thorough physical examination and proceeding to the following for a definitive diagnosis:

  • Analysis of blood samples

  • Intestinal endoscopy with biopsy

  • Capsule endoscopy

What is it's treatment?

At NYC Gastroenterology, our expert gastroenterologists treat the disease in the best way possible. The regime includes following:

  • Conservative management with diet and lifestyle

  • Necessary medications

Find Out More About Celiac Disease

At NYC Gastroenterology and Nutrition, our expert gastroenterologist, Dr. Oliner,  can help you with diagnosis and treatment of Celiac Disease in the most effective and expert way. If you would like to book an appointment, you can call us at 646-957-2989 or book an appointment online.