Colonoscopy is used to examine colon and rectum and detect any abnormality there. This procedure is done commonly and is immensely helpful in identifying problems of colon and rectum.
Find Out More About Colonoscopy
What is Colonoscopy?
Colonoscopy is used to examine colon and rectum and detect any abnormality there. This procedure is done commonly and is immensely helpful in identifying problems of colon and rectum such as rectal bleeding, diarrhea, abdominal pain,history of polyps, surveillance of cancer, treatment of hemorrhoids and rectal bleeding.
How is a Colonoscopy done?
Colonoscopy is done by a long, flexible tube which has a video camera at its tip. The tube is inserted through the rectum and the camera allows the doctor to view the colon on the screen.
The main procedure follows a preparation which includes the following:
- Patient has to follow a special diet plan
- Take a laxative
- Adjustment of medications of the patient
Indications for Colonoscopy
A patient is referred for colonoscopy to know the causes in following presentations:
- Abdominal pain
- Rectal bleeding
- Chronic constipation
- Chronic diarrhea
- Screening for colon cancer
- Looking for any colon polyp
What are the other uses for a colonoscope?
The colonoscope used for colonoscopy can also be used for other procedures like:
- Removal of polyps from colon
- Removal of any other abnormal tissue in colon or rectum
- Obtaining tissue samples for biopsy
What are the possible complications of a Colonoscopy?
Although colonoscopy is a safe procedure, it does have certain risks and complications which a gastroenterologist cannot ignore. The possible risks include:
- Perforation of the gut wall
- Bleeding at the site of removal of polyp
- Reaction to sedation/anesthesia
After the procedure, patient is advised proper rest. Bloating and nausea re common after colonoscopy which goes away on its own soon.
If you think that you have symptoms or signs which might indicate a need for colonoscopy, you can consult us freely